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The U.S. Court system and Jurisdiction of The Federal Courts, and The State (Ohio) Court System Cassandra Jones PA101 Kaplan University Instructor: Emily Ryan

The U.S. Court system and Jurisdiction of The Federal Courts, and The State (Ohio) Court System

In this paper I will be writing about the organization of the U. S court system. The jurisdiction limits of the federal courts and their requirements for filing in that jurisdiction. I will also talk about the Ohio federal and state court systems and the similarities and differences of how they do their jurisdiction.

The U.S court system is made up of two different types of court systems; the federal and state court. The federal court is also made up of two different types of systems as well. The first federal court is Article III court and the second is the Article I court (United State Courts, 2010).

The Article III court got their name because as stated by the U.S courts “they derive their power from Article III of the Constitution” (United State Courts, 2010). The Article III courts are as followed the U.S District Court, the U.S Circuit Court of Appeal, and the U.S court of International Trade. These court systems judges are appointed by the President of the U.S with advice and consent of the senate and hold office during good behavior(United States Courts, 2010). There are ninety-four districts in the U.S for the U.S District Court, each state has at least one and some states have more depending on the size of that state.

The Article I court system area is as followed by the Magistrate Court, Bankruptcy Court, the U.S Court of Military Appeals, U.S Tax Court, and the U.S Court of Veterans’ Appeal. These types of court systems are established by Congress and usually the judges hold office for about fifteen years (United State Courts, 2010). Another court for the federal is the U.S Supreme Court, which is the highest court in the states. The Supreme Court has nine judges and sits in Washington DC (United State Courts, 2010).

The jurisdiction limits and requirements of the federal courts according to Article III, Section 2 of the U.S Constitution “the judicial shall extend to all cases in law and equity, arising under the Constitution, to controversies between two or more states, between a state and citizens of another state, and between a state, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects” (Goldman, & Cheeseman, 2011). Examples of cases that federal courts deal with are entitlements to social security claims and someone violating federal laws. The federal courts deal with diversity of citizenship cases where the amount in question exceeds seventy-five thousand dollars, and when they deal with these cases they are required to apply the state laws (Goldman, & Cheeseman, 2011).

The Ohio federal and state court similarities and differences are as followed. The similarities are federal and state both can work on cases that are of traffic violations and some felony cases. They are parallel in which they both can work on the same case but if the amount exceeds seventy-five thousand then the federal courts usually deal with the higher amount cases, for example on environmental regulations.(United State Courts, 2010). The differences of the two are that the state can work on most private contract disputes except those resolved under bankruptcy law where the federal courts only work on those cases (United State Courts, 2010).The federal court works on cases that are found to be “cases of public interest” (The Supreme Court, 2011). The state court works on cases like divorce, child support and juvenile cases.


1. United State Courts, (2010). Judicial branch of the u.s. government. Washington, DC: Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts . Retrieved from 2. The paralegal professional. Upper Saddle River, NJ: 2008 Pearson Education, Inc.492 Goldman, TF, & Cheeseman, H R. (2011). The paralegal professional. Upper Saddle River, NJ: 2008 Pearson Education, Inc.219 3. The Supreme Court of Ohio and the Ohio Judical System, (2011). Court system Columbus, OH: Retrieved from…...

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