Premium Essay

Sample Apa Guide

In: Other Topics

Submitted By maxwellpoku
Words 3111
Pages 13


Generations in the Workforce John Johnson and Jack Smith Liberty University

GENERATIONS IN THE WORKFORCE Abstract Single paragraph, double-spaced, not indented, and between 150 and 250 words. Keywords: employee attitudes, personnel management, age factors


GENERATIONS IN THE WORKFORCE Generations in the Workforce


Researchers have tried to categorize employees into contemporary work cohorts based on the eras in which they started working (Robbins & Judge, 2009, p. 119). Robbins and Judge (2009) observed that since the average age to enter the workforce is between 18 and 23, the cohorts are loosely based on the chronological age of their demographic and ostensibly reflect the dominant values and job attitudes of their representative generations (p.119). This paper is a systematic discussion of three topics related to contemporary work cohorts: (a) the reality and specifics of the management issues associated with having a multigenerational employee base, (b) the profiles of each of the four generations that compose the workforce today, and (c) advice for company leadership on turning the diverse perspectives of a cross-generational workforce from challenge into advantage. The Significance of the Generational Gap at the Workplace The fact that the phrase “generational gap” is part of everyday vocabulary, suggest that the phrase denotes something real, which makes the theory appear prima facie true. Furthermore, in light of the amount of literature concerning the theory of contemporary work cohorts, it becomes easy to take the validity of the theory for granted. Some critics, however, argue that due to the theory’s limitations, which include lack of rigorous research on generational values, limited intercultural application, and the imprecision of the categories that tend to ignore individual…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Apa Style Guide

...American Psychological Association (APA) APA Style Manual 6th Edition Quick Reference Writing-Style Handbook Strayer University March 1, 2010 Table of Contents INTRODUCTION 4 CHAPTER 1 Basic Form and Appearance 5 Margins 5 Spacing 5 Font Styles 5 Page Numbers 5 Page Headers 6 Title Page 6 Headings 8 Numbers 9 Lists 10 Abbreviations 10 Tables and Figures 10 CHAPTER 2 SUPPORTING DOCUENTATION FOR ACADEMIC PAPERS 13 In–Text Citation 13 Direct Quotations 14 Works with no Author or with an Anonymous Author 15 Work by Two Authors 16 Work by Multiple Authors, five or more 16 Paraphrasing 17 Do Not Plagiarize 18 Using Block Quotations 19 Reference List: Basic Rules 20 References within the Reference List 20 Reference Examples for Periodicals 20 Reference Examples for Non-Periodicals 21 Electronic Sources 22 Examples for Internet Sources 22 Miscellaneous Sources 24 CHAPTER 3 ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 26 APA Writing Style Quick Reference Introduction This writing-style handbook is intended to provide basic examples of APA style, modeled after the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010). The intent is not to provide detailed instructions......

Words: 3618 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Sample Interview Guide

...CALIPER Interview Guide Reid T. Clifford ABC Company, Ltd. Caliper Management, 506 Carnegie Center, Suite 300, P.O. Box 2050, Princeton, NJ USA 08543-2050 Tel. 609-524-1200 Fax. 609-524-1201 Reid T. Clifford ABC Company, Ltd. Caliper Interview Guide The Caliper Interview Guide is a special report derived from Reid T. Clifford's Caliper Profile. The Profile results suggest that some areas may be worth investigating. Below, you will see personalized interview questions that will help you determine whether Reid T. Clifford can engage in the behaviors related to success in your organization's position. For each area to investigate, we provide specific attributes related to the behavior as well as an interview question. For definitions of the attributes in the Caliper Profile, click here. When evaluating Reid T. Clifford's responses, listen for evidence that the candidate has performed successfully in the area to investigate. Also take note of how the individual discusses behaviors in relation to the specific traits listed. You may find that Reid T. Clifford has developed strategies to compensate for possible limitations. Since you may need to discuss other topics, such as experience, job knowledge, and technical skills, we suggest reading through the guide beforehand and choosing the questions most relevant to your hiring needs. If you would like additional information regarding Reid T. Clifford's potential or personality assessment results, would like to......

Words: 910 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Apa Study Guide

...APA Style Guide References Page or Bibliography References include only sources that are cited in the text of your paper and this is usually what is required for APA style. If you are asked to include all sources you used as evidence of wider reading then you must create a Bibliography o o o o At the top of the page, write References or Bibliography, centered. Do not use all capital letters. Do not use italics. List the reference entries in alphabetical order according to the first word in each entry. o Start each entry on a new line, using a hanging indent. (In a hanging indent, the first line of the entry starts at the left margin. The remaining lines are indented one tab stop. To get a hanging indent in Word, select the entire reference entry, then go to Format—Paragraph—Direction and Indents—Special—Hanging.) References The following are examples of each type of reference you may need to include in your bibliography. Follow the examples below, using the information from your own sources. (Note: Italicize the titles of books, titles of periodicals, and periodical volume numbers.) Books Author(s) given: Author(s). (Year). Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher. Example: Chomsky, N., & Halle, M. (1968). The sound patterns of English. New York: Harper & Row. Note that for most titles, only the first word of the title and sub-title is capitalized, as well as proper nouns. No author given: Title of book. (Year). Place of publication:......

Words: 902 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Apa Referencing Guide

...APA Referencing guide Academic conventions and copyright law require that you acknowledge when you use the ideas of others. In most cases, this means stating which book or journal article is the source of an idea or quotation. This guide draws from the: American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual            of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).        Washington, DC: Author.   University policy mandates the use of the APA Style defined by this referencing guide. On this page: * List of references * How to cite references within the text of an assignment (including citations from secondary sources and Creative Commons) * Additional help List of References At the end of your essay, place a list of the references you have cited in the text. Arrange this in alphabetical order of authors' surnames, and then chronologically (earliest publication date first) for each author where more than one work by that author is cited. The author's surname is placed first, followed by initials or first name, and then the year of publication is given. If the list contains more than one item published by the same author(s) in the same year, add lower case letters immediately after the year to distinguish them (e.g. 1983a). These are ordered alphabetically by title disregarding any initial articles (a, an or the). * The reference list includes only the sources you have used in any submission. APA Style requires reference lists, not......

Words: 9212 - Pages: 37

Premium Essay

Apa Guide-Citations and More

...Learn. Explore. Write. APA Style Formatting Plagiarism can be intentional. Buying a paper, submitting a friend’s, paying someone to write a paper for you, piecing together text from websites are only some examples. Most of the time, though, plagiarism is unintentional, resulting from a failure to cite sources or to cite them properly according to a style guide. Use this handout as a general guide to APA formatting and refer to the official APA Style Guide for full details: APA Style General Formatting  Standard letter paper size 8.5” x 11”  Typed at 12 pt. Time New Roman font and double-spaced  1” margins on all sides  Page header and number on all pages  Page number in top right corner of EVERY page. Title page starts as “1.”  Title in top left of EVERY page  Title page: “Running head: TITLE OF PAPER”  All other pages: “TITLE OF PAPER”  Use the “Page Header” tool in Microsoft Word Title Page  Double-spaced and in the upper half of the page. Include the full title (may take two lines), the writer’s name, the institution name. Do not bold or italicize anything.  Some professors may require additional information. Be sure to follow what your professor wants (date, professor’s name, course name/code/section, etc). Running Head: TITLE OF PAPER TITLE OF PAPER Your Name Ryerson University Your Professor’s Required Information Abstract  Not always required, but advised  Located on page 2: First line, centered: “Abstract” (plain......

Words: 1519 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Apa Guide

...APA Format: What Does It Mean? Almost every KGSM written assignment specifies that the paper conform to APA style. But no one really knows what this means. At the very least, the requirement could be that references be cited as described in the APA manual. But APA style involves a lot more. In this document, I will explain and/or provide examples of what I, personally, consider to be important in my classes. Some professors may require more or less. My best advice for what to do in other classes is to ask the professor. Two Required Elements Every paper has to have an introduction and a conclusion. The introduction establishes why the reader should read the paper. Notice that the introduction does not get a heading. The introduction can be really straightforward or it may be more creative. The conclusion describes the major findings of the paper. The conclusion may provide a summary of the paper. The conclusion may call for action. The conclusion does get a heading. Headings Headings can be a great friend. Not only can headings help you organize your paper, they also help your reader understand the organization. Sometimes, appropriate headings will be suggested by the assignment. Often an assignment will provide that there should be certain components to your paper. Those required sections can become your headings. The format for headings is specified by the manual. Level one headings are bold and centered. Level two headings are bold and...

Words: 1837 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Apa Referencing - Library Extended Guide

...APA referencing - Library extended guide Updated: 17 November, 2014 Important: This document is meant for use as a guide only. To avoid losing marks, confirm the referencing requirements of your School with your Lecturer, and consult the following reference on which this document is based for clarification and additional examples. American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. APA referencing - Library extended guide 1 Introduction 2 Choosing a reference style 2 Where can I find information about referencing? 2 Plagiarism 2 In-text references 2 Paraphrasing 2 Direct quotes 3 Groups as authors 3 Electronic sources 3 Pagination: 3 Reference lists 3 A few points to note about the reference list: 4 Abbreviations: examples 4 Examples 5 Books 5 Book - one author 5 Book - two authors 5 Book – three, four or five authors 6 Book – six or more authors 6 Book – eight or more authors 6 Edited book 7 Book chapter - Edited book 7 E-books 7 Secondary citations 8 Journal articles: examples 8 Journal article with DOI 8 Journal article (print) without DOI 8 Journal article (online) without DOI 9 Newspaper articles: examples 9 Newspaper article – Print, with author 9 Newspaper article – Print, no author 9 Newspaper article -......

Words: 3174 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Sample Annotated Bibliography in Apa Style

...Sample Annotated Bibliography in APA Style (Based on Publication Manual, 5th ed. 2001 and APA Style Guide to Electronic References, 2007) Karin Durán, Ph.D. The following annotated bibliography is one possible, general example. Students should be alert and adhere to specific requirements that might vary with each professor’s assignment or to the course subject discipline. APA now requires the use of the DOI (Digital Object Identifier), if the DOI is known, in place of the “Retrieved on…” statement with the database name or web address Acuña, R. (1996). Anything but Mexican : Chicanos in contemporary Los Angeles. New York : Verso. Provides a focused perspective on the role of the Chicana in the workforce and education through the use of historical documents. Includes relevant evidence about the contributions of Chicanas to the Chicana/o movement throughout Southwest history with examples from education, politics, and the economy. Addresses pertinent social justice issues and responses by both the Chicana/o and the anglo populations. Acuña, R. (2000). Occupied America : A history of Chicanos. New York : Longman. Described the gender inequality within the Chicano Movement and the impact of Chicana feminism on the overall progress of 1970s social actions. Comprehensive coverage of the Chicana/o history with a careful examination and analysis of key events and players in the quest for ethnic and gender equality Cabrera, . L., & Padilla,......

Words: 478 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Apa Sample Papaer

...title. The words “Running head” precede the description on the title page only. See instructions for “how to” at Margins are 1 inch all the way around Header is 1 inch from top margin or at default for Word Center and begin approximately 4 inches from top edge of paper Title Here in Full Student Name Old Dominion University Title Here in Full [Since the introduction is clearly identified by its position in the paper, there is no heading called “introduction” even though a section in the grading rubric lists it as part of the requirements.] The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of APA format. The School of Nursing at Old Dominion University requires that all written assignments be completed using current edition of APA format. The information that follows is taken from the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010). Typing Instructions The typist must double space between all lines and leave uniform margins of at least one inch on all sides, including top and bottom. Do not justify lines so that the spacing is always equal on the left and right margins and word. The right margin should look ragged. Achieve double spacing by using the line spacing setting in your word processing software. To change the amount of line space between paragraphs in Microsoft Word, 2007, the typist must select the text in the document and then select the page......

Words: 2318 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Sample Apa

...Management and Business and other SEU graduate programs have adopted American Psychological Association (APA) as its format for papers. The School of Management and Business Website has a template that can be used when the APA format is required for a paper. Access it at and download APA TEMPLATE, 6th edition as a template to the computer. Use the APA template for the document instead of the Normal template. Using APA Template When a New Document is opened, using the template the document automatically has 1” margins, is double-spaced, and has page numbers at the top right margin in the header. It has all the styles required by APA in the Style Guide. By clicking on different Styles, the writer can change the formatting of words or sentences. Normal automatically has a 0.5 inch paragraph indent, and Block Quote and Reference List are set up to automatically provide the proper formatting. Examples of properly formatted pages can be found at the end of this chapter. The paragraph mark (¶) must be activated from the Toolbar when a New Document is opened from the APA template. The Styles used for APA are accessed by clicking on the arrow on the Styles ribbon. ‘Style’ can also be added to the Quick Access Toolbar Style so that a window showing the Style in use is visible. Clicking on the arrow brings up a list of all possible APA styles. “Normal” is double-spaced, and uses 12 point serif font, specifically......

Words: 2311 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Apa Style Guide

...Composition-elements, compounds, mixture States of Matter Solids, liquids and gases are the three forms of matter called states of matter. Gas (vapor)-No fixed volume or shape, conforms to shape of container compressible. Liquid-Fixed volume, no fixed shape, incompressible. Solid-fixed volume and shape, rigid, incompressible. Why these differences between gas, liquid and solid? We must look at the properties on a molecular level: Gas: Molecules far apart moving rapidly collide often. Liquid: Molecules closer than gas, move rapidly can slide over each other. Solid: Molecules packed closely in definite arrangements. Pure Substances Matter that has distinct properties and composition that doe not vary from sample to sample. • Elements-cannot be decomposed into other substances. • Compounds-composed of two or more elements. Elements • There are 116 elements. • They vary in abundance. • Each is given a unique name and is abbreviated by a chemical symbol. • They are organized in the periodic table. • Each is given a one- or two – letter symbol derived from its name. Common elements are found in Table 1.2 LEARN!!!! Compounds Compounds are combinations of elements. Elements react with each other to form compounds. (properties different from constituent elements. Water is a combination of the elements hydrogen and oxygen. 1) H2(g) +½O2(g) → ......

Words: 1947 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Sample Apa

...Association (APA, 2010) and the APA Style web site ( recommends for best practices in writing mechanics. Headings or sub-headings Please use subheadings between paragraphs to help the reader follow your thought processes. Most headings or sub-heading follow first and second level heading best practices. In most cases, first and second level headings are bold. Please do not bold anything on the title page. Learners are encouraged to review the handy sample research paper depicting rationale for APA 6th edition writing style best practices. Please incorporate a minimum of three or more scholarly references (no Wikipedia) in all written submissions unless otherwise instructed by the course facilitator. As a friendly reminder, for every reference there should be a least one in-text citation to support the reference, especially when documenting direct quotations. For instance, a recommended strategy for firms operating globally is for them to hire the locals to conduct sales, and for getting the word out about their products, it is best if they hire “a local advertising agency, in developing a marketing message” (Hill, 2011, p. 579). Learners are encouraged to write with purpose. APA recommended writing best practices In an effort to promote and encourage stress free writing experiences during the higher education learning journey, the following best practices are recommended: 1. A great website to refer to for APA......

Words: 638 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Apa Sample

...Sample Paper 1 Running head: SAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER Publication Style of the American Psychological Association: A Demonstration Paper Your Name Here Name of InstitutionSample Paper 2 Abstract Do not indent the first line of the abstract! This is a summary of the paper which must not exceed 120 words. All numbers may be typed as digits.Sample Paper 3 Publication Style of the American Psychological Association: A Demonstration Paper The text of the paper begins on a new page. This is the introduction, in which the background is laid for the study. It can be quite lengthy if a complex theory must be explicated in order to make sense of the study. The argument developed in this section must be of excellent quality since the remainder of the paper rests upon understanding the logic presented he re. Sample Reference Formats Sometimes evidence from a published work will be discussed and the work will be cited within parentheses at the end of the sentence (Miller, 1956). Please note that when citing multiple-author works within parentheses an ampersand must be used (Alba & Hasher, 1983). If multiple-author publications are cited outside parentheses, the word “and” must be spelled out in full, as in Alba and Hasher (1983). For works with three, four, or five authors, all authors’ names must be given in the first citation, as in Smith, Adams, and Schorr (1978). In the second citation, only the first author’s name is given, followed by “et al.” (Smith......

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Apa Format Guide

...APA FORMATTING AND STYLE GUIDE by University of Malaya Library (UML) Title General Rules Content Single Author Two Authors Three to Six Authors More Than Six Authors Author - Malay Names (without family names) Author - Chinese Names Author - Chinese Names with English Names Author - Indian & Sikh Names (without family names) Inherited Names Conferred titles Local Government Institution as Author Foreign Government Institution as Author Unique Corporate Body Names Organization as Author Conference Names with Numbers Unknown Author Page 1-2 Reference List : Book Basic Format for Books Edited Book, No Author Edited Book with an Author or Authors A Translation Edition Other Than the First Article or Chapter in an Edited Book Multivolume Work Reference List : Articles in Periodicals Basic Form Article in Journal Paginated by Volume Article in Journal Paginated by Issue Article in a Magazine Article in a Newspaper Letter to the Editor Review Reference List : Other Print Sources An Entry in an Encyclopedia Work Discussed in a Secondary Source Dissertation Abstract Government Document Report from a Private Organization Conference Proceedings Published Conference Paper Unpublished Conference Paper Academic Exercise / Thesis (Unpublished) 3 4 5-6 i Title Content Page 7-8 Reference List : Electronic Sources Article From an Online Periodical Online Scholarly Journal Article Online Scholarly Journal Article with Printed Version Available Article...

Words: 3418 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Sample Apa Paper

...if they contain multiple ideas. The first sentence of each paragraph should give the general idea and then you can expand throughout the rest of the paragraph. Each paragraph should be at least three sentences. Cite your sources as you go by placing citations immediately after the info you took from a source or after a direct quote. You cannot just put a citation at the end of a long paragraph if it contains both information from a source and your comments. When you use one citation at the end of a paragraph, it looks like everything in the paragraph came from the source. Direct quotes must have quotation marks around them or, if the quote is 40 or more words, be indented without quotation marks. The quote must also have a proper APA style citation following it. Long quotes are done line this: Xxxx yyyy zzzz aaaa bbbb qqqq ffff ssss llll gggg, tttt, yyyy and llll. Rrrr hhhh jjjj wwww nnnn dddd mmmm bbbb. Xxxx yyyy zzzz aaaa bbbb qqqq ffff ssss llll gggg, tttt, yyyy and llll. Rrrr hhhh jjjj wwww nnnn dddd mmmm bbbb. Xxxx yyyy zzzz aaaa bbbb qqqq ffff ssss llll gggg and llll. Rrrr hhhh ww nnnn dddd mmmm bbbb. (Moore, 2011) Notice the period goes before the citation on a block quote. Normally, the period goes after the citation, like this (Moore, 2011). Please avoid long paragraphs. They are too difficult to follow and it is better to have multiple short paragraphs of three or more sentences, than one long paragraph that extends for a couple pages. Whenever there is a...

Words: 1056 - Pages: 5